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Comprehensive Eye Examination

A comprehensive eye examination does more than determine how clearly you see and which lens prescription will give you the best possible vision. Much like other screenings, many diseases and illnesses can be detected during an eye exam, such as, diabetes, high blood pressure, autoimmune diseases, sexually transmitted diseases and cancers. Your eye doctor will carefully evaluate the health and function of your entire eye.  

At your initial visit, a technician will ask questions about you and your family’s medical history, and any existing eye problems. If you wear contact lenses or prescription glasses (including sunglasses), bring them with you. Your eye doctor will check them to make sure that they are the correct lenses for your eyes.

What to Expect with your eye examination

Visual Acuity Test

A visual acuity test to measure how well you can see at distance and up close. Covering one eye at a time, you will look at an eye chart and be asked to identify letters that get smaller as you read farther down the chart.


A refraction to determine the correct contact lens or glasses prescription, if needed. You will be asked to compare a series of two lens choices and evaluate which lens combination provides you with your best possible vision correction.

Eye Motility Evaluation

An eye motility evaluation to look for eye muscle weakness or imbalance. 

Pupil Test

A pupil test is performed with a bright light to evaluate the eye’s response to light stimulation.

Peripheral Vision Test

A peripheral vision test, which examines what you are able to see to the sides when you look straight ahead. 

Slit-Lamp Microscopic Examination

A slit-lamp microscopic examination to evaluate the front part of your eye, including the cornea, iris, and lens. The slit lamp greatly magnifies your eye structures, revealing abnormalities such as cataracts. Before the test, you may be given eyedrops with fluorescein, an orange dye, to make your cornea easier to see. This dye will wash away naturally.

Glaucoma Evaluation

A glaucoma evaluation is quick and painless. You will receive an eye drop containing an anesthetic and fluorescein dye to numb the front surface of your eye; then a manual tonometer will gently touch your cornea. The anesthetic will wear off in 15 or 20 minutes. 

Retinal Examination

A retinal examination to evaluate the structures in the back of your eye. This usually requires pupil dilation which is performed with eye drops. Your eye doctor will shine a light in your eye and use a device called an ophthalmoscope to look at the back of your eye. Retinal examinations take several minutes, but the eyedrops may continue to blur your vision for hours. You may not be able to drive and will be sensitive to bright light. We strongly recommend you bring a driver if you are having your eyes dilated!

Comprehensive Eye Examination Providers